Elections before 9/8/15?

In Economy, India, Indonesia, Political economy on 21/10/2014 at 6:13 am

Conventional wisdom is that the next GE will be held after the 50th anniversary celebrations of S’pore’s independence which will be a celebration of all things PAP. So the Oppo parties are not gearing up for an early GE (end of this yr or before Aug 9 next yr.)

And this piece of news doesn’t disturb the narrative:With the January 2017 deadline for the next General Election looming closer, the Elections Department (ELD) has been calling up public servants for training to be election officials, as part of the electoral process … , the ELD said in an emailed statement: “ELD prepares and organises the Public Service to conduct elections in Singapore. Amongst other work, ELD selects and trains public officers on an ongoing basis to perform election duties during an election.” (CNA 17 October)

There have been early training sessions before with no elections following. The conducting of training sessions is a lousy leading indicator.

But think about the economic prospects of S’pore  and the training could be a sign of early elections.

No govt wants to hold a general election in a recession or when a a recession is likely. Already the growth rates for this yr and next yr have had to be trimmed because the global economy isn’t doing too well.

And things could get worse: The global economy is in a woeful state [Skip the next few paras if pressed for time or an illiterate in finance and economics]. The euro zone, fully 17% of global GDP, is predicted to expand just 0.8% in 2014 according to the IMF. China and Japan, together 25% of global GDP, are slowing. Emerging markets are floundering: a report on the synchronised slowdown from the Fund puts much of it down to weak trading partners (a sort of trade contagion). As the world slows, America seems a prudent place to park cash. Chinese and Japanese holdings of US Treasury bonds—now $2.5 trillion—have doubled in five years, according to the TIC data.

… the euro area. Inflation is just 0.3% and the area is already awash with unemployed workers … end up with both fiscal and monetary policy being relatively tight.

What would happen next? American exporters would get hit twice—first by weak demand from abroad, then as their goods get pricier for foreigners to buy as the dollar continues to rise. But since America is a relatively closed economy, the impact abroad could be bigger. The big risk is that a runaway dollar topples emerging-market economies just as it did in the 1980s and 1990s. A pessimist would argue that many of the conditions now are exactly as they were then. Many emerging markets borrow by issuing bonds in dollars, rather than their own currency. Appetite for these higher-yielding dollar bonds has been strong in recent years: in January 2014 Indonesia issued its largest dollar bond since 1998; according to its Finance Ministry data, India has dollar debts of around $273 billion (15% of GDP). As the dollar rises, the local-currency cost of these debts goes up.

Floating exchange rates make things a little different when compared to the Asian crisis, but would not help that much. Take a country like Brazil, which has inflation of 6.75% (see the WSJ on this) and yet an economy in recession. If its currency continues to depreciate against the dollar then inflation builds up further. The central bank ends up in a bind: raise rates to cut inflation and stem the depreciation, or keep rates low to get the economy back on track. Both paths would be risky, and could cause a wider stress if the contagion of previous emerging-market crises is any guide.

With any luck none of this will happen. But it all could happen. And if you are in the business of forecasting and stress testing, you should prepare for the worst.

So what about the fact that oil prices are close to US$80 from US$105 a few weeks ago

[M]ajor Asian economies, though, will look at falling oil prices less as a stimulant and more as a signal that global growth is faltering. For export-dependent Asia, lacklustre worldwide demand could end up being highly disinflationary.

That’s a big worry for the likes of China, Hong Kong and Singapore. These economies have all seen private credit rise rapidly since the 2008 crisis and need tolerably healthy inflation to help bring down the real value of debt. But China’s 1.6 percent inflation rate is now the lowest since February 2010, while the annual rate of increase in Singapore’s consumer prices has slipped below 1 percent. South Korea, which has historically had a problem of high household debt, can’t afford to allow its meagre 1.1 percent inflation rate to slide further.*

So I wouldn’t be surprised if 50th anniversary celebration events come fast and furious early next yr: to remind S’poreans of the role of the PAP in S’pore’s development from the second largest port in Asia to a global city state, with property prices to match those of global cities like NY and London.

But I’d be surprised if the PAP reminded us one LKY said in 1959,”we must go about our task (of building up a nation) with urgency … of integrating our people now and quickly”, because he said this when revealing that only 270,00 out of the 600,000 voters were born here. 


*Btw two countries where I have investments will benefit: The big exceptions are India and Indonesia. Both governments supply gasoline and diesel to their consumers at fixed, affordable rates. For them, the 25 percent slide in the price of a barrel of Brent crude over the past four months translates into significant budgetary savings, which could be channelled into much-needed infrastructure investment.



  1. Whether general elections before 9/8/15 or after? I am fairly confident that PAP is finished.
    Singapore now ranks no.5 in Global crony-capitalism index,in the company of HK and Taiwan which are both facing political problems.HK dummy CEO is under pressure to resign,in Taiwan,the best friend of MM Lee and good friend of PM Lee, ruling KMT will be out of power by 2016.
    crony-capitalism index
    The countries where politically connected businessmen are most likely to prosper
    Global Ranking-2014
    Democracy will soon be replaced by Dikaiosyne.
    (1)The world largest democracy is India,
    Modi Tells India’s Hindu Heartland He’s Doing God’s Work
    (2)The second largest democracy USA – In God we trust.
    (3)The third largest democratic country Indonesia’s new president just “swear by Almighty God Allah” yesterday.

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  3. Food for counter thot;
    1. Goh C T brought fwd the GE after 9/11 attack, with the then world entering recession.
    With PAP’s economic track record, SGns’ kiasu & kiasi attitudes & PAP’s unabashed exploitation of the 3 preceding factors, who say calling a GE amidst bad times is a negative for the incumbent?

    2. ‘It’s the headcount, stupid
    The single biggest problem tt is within PAP’s somewhat control, unlike the world economy, is
    the candidate headcount needed to contest all seats, or perhaps more than the current MP numbers. Unfortunately, which self-serving potential candidate in his/her right mind would wish to join a sinking ship, a party in the 3rd-4th stage of decline?

    It’s a Catch-22 situation for PAP leaders. On the one hand, they desperately need more candidates who are more credible than the current bunch of clowns. On the other hand, why would credible ones want to associate or be associated with a clearly proven incompetent leadership n members?

    That’s my 2cents’ reading of the GE tea leaves…still most probably AFTER 8/2015, not before. Wouldn’t surprise me if PAP drags it all the way further down the road – if only to use the time & incumbency to roll out prog to buy votes.

    • LKY always believed in waiting until the last minute. But son doesn’t. He wanted to hold an election in early, mid 2005. It is alleged that daddy made him wait until 2oo6.

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